These guidelines are intended to give you the information needed to submit your
paper to the AIRO JOURNALS and present it in accordance with our requirements.
All papers are pre-screened to ensure that your manuscript satisfies the
Originality: is the work scientifically rigorous, accurate and
novel? Does the work contain significant additional material to that already
published? Has its value been demonstrated?
Relevance: is the material appropriate to the scope of the journal
to which it is submitted?
Motivation: does the problem considered have a sound motivation?
Does the paper clearly demonstrate the scientific interest of the results?
Referencing: has reference been made to the most recent and most
appropriate work? Is the present work set in the context of the previous
Clarity: is the English clear and well written? Poorly written
English may obscure the scientific merit of your paper. Are the ideas
expressed clearly and concisely? Are the concepts understandable?
To be accepted for publication in AIRO, research articles must satisfy the
The study presents the results of primary scientific research.
Results reported have not been published elsewhere.
Experiments, statistics, and other analyses are performed to a high
technical standard and are described in sufficient detail.
Conclusions are presented in an appropriate fashion and are supported by the
The article is presented in an intelligible fashion and is written in
The research meets all applicable standards for the ethics of
experimentation and research integrity.
The article adheres to appropriate reporting guidelines and community
standards for data availability.
Manuscript Presentation Criteria
Original papers should be submitted as a single unsecured .pdf/.doc/.docx/.rtf
file that includes all figures and tables. Original manuscript can be uploaded
through author dashboard on our portal.
Original research papers submitted to the AIRO Research Journals should not
exceed 20 pages.
Papers must be typed in a font size no smaller than 10 pt and greater than 12
pt, and presented in two column layout with single line spacing on one side A4
paper. All pages should be numbered. Author can refer to sample format of the
paper, which is be available at downloads. All accepted papers will be edited
into the AIRO Research Journals house-style.
Language, spelling and grammar
All papers must be written in US International English. If English is not your
first language, you should ask an English-speaking colleague to proofread your
paper. Papers that fail to meet basic standards of literacy are likely to be
declined immediately by the editors.
Acronyms and abbreviations
Acronyms and abbreviations should be clearly defined on their first occurrence
in the text by writing the term out in full and following it with the
abbreviation in round brackets.
Title should be concise but informative and should not include a subtitle.
These should immediately follow the title. For multiple-authored articles, list
the names of all the authors, followed by author’s academic/professional
This should be informative and suitable for direct inclusion in abstracting
services as a self-contained article. It should not exceed 200 words. It should
indicate the general scope and also state the main results obtained, methods
used the value of the work and the conclusions drawn. No figure numbers, table
numbers, references or displayed mathematical expressions should be included.
Papers should be divided into numbered sections, subsections and, if necessary,
sub subsections (e.g. 3, 3.1, 3.1.1, etc.).
Vectors and matrices should be displayed in bold and variables in italic.
Italics should not be used for emphasis.
Figures and figure captions
Figures will be reproduced exactly as supplied, with no redrawing or relabeling.
It is therefore imperative that the supplied figures are of the highest possible
quality. Each figure should be explicitly referred to in numerical order.
Figures should be embedded within the text at the appropriate point. Figure
captions should be as concise as possible. Figure keys should appear in boxes
within the figure itself.
Figures with multiple sections should be labeled (a), (b), (c), etc. Use a comma
to separate quantities from units on figure axes, e.g. "time, ms". Characters,
subscripts and superscripts used in figures should be consistent with those in
the text. AIRO Journals encourage the use of color for the online version of
its articles. Authors supplying color figures enjoy the benefit of their work
being presented online in full color.
Each table should be referred to explicitly in the text. Tables should be
referred to in numerical order. Avoid the use of unusual mathematical characters
or graphical material in tables, since the markup language may not be able to
reproduce this. If your table contains such material, it will be set as a
Algorithms should not be boxed and should be set as normal text, not as a figure
or a table.
A long line of computer code that fits on to one single-column page may have to
be separated into two lines when typeset. Please take this into account when
writing any code. Code may be typeset in the form of a figure to enable
Mathematics and equations
When writing mathematics, avoid confusion between characters that could be
mistaken for one another, e.g. the letter 'l' and the figure one. Equations
should be capable of fitting into a two-column print format. Vectors and
matrices should be in bold and variables in italic.
If your paper contains superscripts or subscripts, take special care to ensure
that the positioning of the characters is unambiguous. Exponential expressions
should be written using superscript notation, i.e. 5x103 not 5E03. A
multiplication sign should be used, not a dot.
Acknowledgments should appear as a separate section between the Conclusions and
The AIRO Journals use the numerical system for references. You should number
your references sequentially through the text, and each reference should be
individually numbered and enclosed in square brackets (e.g. ). Please ensure
that all references in the Reference list are cited in the text and vice versa.
Failure to do so may cause delays in the production of your article.
Please also ensure that you provide as much information as possible to allow the
reader to locate the article concerned. This is particularly important for
articles appearing in conferences, workshops and books that may not appear in
Please provide all author name(s) and initials, title of the paper, date
published, title of the journal or book, volume number, editors (if any), and
finally the page range. For books and conferences, the town of publication and
publisher (in parentheses) should also be given.
Examples of the ways in which references should be cited are given below:
Last, F. M., & Last, F. M. (Year Published). Article title. Journal
Name, Volume(Issue), pp. Pages.
Jacoby, W. G. (1994). Public attitudes toward government
spending. American Journal of Political Science, 38(2), 336-361.
Fearon, J. D., & Laitin, D. D. (2003). Ethnicity, Insurgency, and Civil
War. American Political Science Review, 97(01), 75. doi:
Last name, FM. (Year published). Title of Paper or Proceedings, Title of
Conference, Location, Date. Place of publication: Publisher.
Cloyd, AM. (2014). Surveying students: A look at citation habits of
college students, presented at EasyBib Info Lit Conference, New York
City, 2014. New York, NY: EasyBib Publishing.
Book, book chapter and manual
Last, F. M. (Year Published) Book. City, State: Publisher.
James, H. (1937). The ambassadors. New York, NY: Scribner.
Rowling, J.K. (2001). Harry Potter and the socerer's stone. London:
Abbott, N.L.: ‘The title of the thesis’. PhD thesis, XYZ University, 2005
Last, F. M. (Year, Month Date Published). Article title. Retrieved from
Brownee, B. (2010, July 15). Water aerobics. Retrieved from http://www.buzzle.com
Ashish G. (2012, June 29). The Negative effects of Facebook on
communication. Social Media Today RSS. Retrieved from http://socialmediatoday.com
Appendices & supplementary material
Additional material, e.g. mathematical derivations that may interrupt the flow
of your paper's argument should form a separate Appendix section. However,
authors are encouraged to submit additional material as online supplementary
material. This should be uploaded as an additional PDF during submission. Do not
use appendices to lengthen your article unnecessarily. If the material can be
found in another work, cite this work rather than reproduce it.
After your paper is accepted, we will upload the page proof of your paper to our
website and will send you an email notifying you that it is available for
viewing. We ask you to return your corrections within three working days or
sooner. We work to a tight production schedule and for this reason may publish
your paper without your corrections if the proof reaches you during an absence
of which we have not been informed or if the corrections are not returned
sufficiently quickly. Alternatively, your paper may be postponed to a future
Requests for last-minute corrections, i.e. amendments to the original
manuscript, may be denied at the managing editor's discretion, particularly if
these are likely to delay publication. Major changes-of-mind, e.g. rewriting of
whole sections, is not permitted at this stage.
Completed 'Publication Agreement and Assessment of Copyright' and 'Statement of
Originality' forms are required for all papers. These should be emailed, posted
or faxed to the Editorial Office (address given on the form) once you have
uploaded your paper.
The forms should be signed by all authors. If this is not practical, the
corresponding author may sign on behalf of all authors.
If you wish to make use of previously published illustrations, diagrams or
photographs in your paper, you must first obtain the written permission of the
copyright holder concerned (usually the publisher) before incorporating the work
in your article. The source of the material must also be acknowledged in full.
Probably the most important role journals play is forming our archive of
knowledge. Obviously, the accuracy and quality of the material contained in this
archive is of central importance. Peer review serves as one of the most
important mechanisms for validating the information contained in these journals.
The relevance of peer review clearly varies among the different functions of
journals. Peer review is generally seen as vital for the roles of forming an
archive of knowledge and distributing rewards. The practice of peer review is to
ensure that good science is published. It is an objective process at the heart
of good scholarly publishing and is carried out on all reputable scientific
journals. Peer review process adopted by IM Journals not only acts as a filter
but also plays a vital role to increase the quality of research submitted for
journal publications. Because of its mentoring nature AIRO peer review process
also helps author(s) to remove any errors or gaps in manuscript mistakenly
overlooked and assist in making the research more applicable in real time.
Respected for its International reputation, the editorial and reviewer boards of
AIRO Journals comprised experts with not only having the academic background but
also the researchers serving the industry. For indepth review, at least two
outside referees are consulted. Reviewers are contacted before being sent a
paper and are asked to return comments within 1 to 2 weeks for most papers.
Reviewers may be selected to evaluate separate components of a manuscript. We
greatly appreciate the time spent in preparing a review, and will consult you on
a revision of a manuscript only if we believe the paper has been significantly
improved but still requires input. All our editorial and reviewer board members
are dedicated to ensure the validity and originality of journal publications. In
order to ensure that only non-plagiarized, original and high quality research
publications each manuscript is assigned to at least three editors and each
editor is assigned not more than two manuscripts. This is to ensure that editors
are not overburdened with the review of assigned papers. Each editor further
assigns manuscript to multiple reviewers. Our editors are well known experts in
their respective areas and we have seen that our editors sometimes assign a
manuscript to two to five reviewers depending upon availability of their peers.
Reviewers assess the manuscript for critical analysis, comparative analysis and
most importantly for integrity and novelty of research work. Each manuscript is
evaluated through concrete parameters set by IM Journals and editorial board
members. These parameters reflect different aspects of the submitted manuscript
including the research quality, paper formatting and more importantly
reference/citations. Once the reviewers submit review comments of the paper then
the relevant (assigned) editor analyses the review comments and submit his
remarks to Editor In Chief (EIC). Similarly all editors who are assigned
manuscripts follow the same procedure. At the end EIC ensures that at least
three review comments (from reviewers) and editors’ remarks are submitted for
each paper in order to make the final decision of the manuscript.